Manila, Arkansas

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Manila, Arkansas
Manila Depot Museum
Manila Depot Museum
Location of Manila in Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Location of Manila in Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 35°52′48″N 90°10′10″W / 35.88000°N 90.16944°W / 35.88000; -90.16944Coordinates: 35°52′48″N 90°10′10″W / 35.88000°N 90.16944°W / 35.88000; -90.16944
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyMississippi
Government
 • Mayor ElectWayne Wagner
Area
 • Total3.73 sq mi (9.66 km2)
 • Land3.73 sq mi (9.66 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
240 ft (73 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,342
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,357
 • Density899.76/sq mi (347.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72442
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-43820
GNIS feature ID0077588

Manila is a city in Mississippi County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 3,342 at the 2010 census. It was the hometown of World War I sniper Herman Davis. A park in the town honors his memory today.

History[edit]

Manila has its origins in a herdsman's camp established by John Needham in the late 1860s. By the late 1890s, a community known as "Cinda" (named after an early postmaster's sister) had developed in the area. In 1901, this community incorporated as a city, and chose the name "Manila" to honor Commodore George Dewey's 1898 victory in the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War.[3]

In the early 1900s, the Jonesboro, Lake City and Eastern Railroad (later part of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway system) extended a rail line to Manila. In 1910, the Manila Depot was constructed by the railroad.[3] This train station now serves as a museum, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

Manila is located in the Arkansas Delta region at 35°52′48″N 90°10′10″W / 35.88000°N 90.16944°W / 35.88000; -90.16944 (35.879876, −90.169538).[4] The city is situated at the intersection of Arkansas Highway 18 and Arkansas Highway 77, a few miles south of the Arkansas–Missouri state line. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all land.

Ecologically, Manila is located within the St. Francis Lowlands ecoregion within the larger Mississippi Alluvial Plain. The St. Francis Lowlands are a flat region mostly covered with row crop agriculture today, though also containing sand blows and sunken lands remaining from the 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes. Waterways have mostly been channelized, causing loss of aquatic and riparian wildlife habitat.[5] The Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge, which preserves some of the bottomland hardwood forest typical of this ecoregion prior to development for row agriculture lies just east of Manila.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910562
192097172.8%
19301,22626.3%
19401,2481.8%
19501,72938.5%
19601,7531.4%
19701,96111.9%
19802,55330.2%
19902,6353.2%
20003,05515.9%
20103,3429.4%
2019 (est.)3,357[2]0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 3,055 people, 1,214 households, and 842 families residing in the city. The population density was 946.2 people per square mile (365.2/km2). There were 1,304 housing units at an average density of 403.9/sq mi (155.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.20% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,214 households, out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,896, and the median income for a family was $33,105. Males had a median income of $31,344 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,754. About 13.4% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manila has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Donna Brewer Jackson, "Manila (Mississippi County)," Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, 2018.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: Woods, A.J., Foti, T.L., Chapman, S.S., Omernik, J.M.; et al. "Ecoregions of Arkansas" (PDF).CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs)
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Manila, Arkansas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.

External links[edit]